Women with Severe Endometriosis at Risk of Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests

Women with Severe Endometriosis at Risk of Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests
Women with deep infiltrating endometriosis are at risk of also having fibromyalgia, which can contribute to a poorer quality of life, a study shows. The study, “Prevalence of fibromyalgia among women with deep infiltrating endometriosis,” was published in the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. Endometriosis is a disease characterized by overgrowth of endometrium cells — those that line the womb — elsewhere in the body. Women with this disorder often experience acute inflammation, chronic pain, and infertility. The underlying cause of endometriosis is still not very well-understood, but studies have suggested a potential association with other disorders including fibromyalgia. A better understanding of the relationship between these diseases may help improve patient care and symptom management. To explore this, researchers in Spain conducted an observational study to examine the prevalence of fibromyalgia in women with endometriosis and how it affects quality of life. The study enrolled 229 women, 80 of whom had deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE), 76 had superficial endometriosis lesions, and 73 who did not have endometriosis or any rheumatologic or autoimmune disease (control group). All participants were premenopausal (ages 18 to 40 years old) and were not obese, with a body mass index (BMI) below 30. Women with deep infiltrating lesions were found to have significantly more pain than the other two groups. Overall, 83% of these women reported having moderate to severe painful periods, 74% had moderate to severe painful sexual intercourse, and 21% had moderate to severe chronic pelvic pain. These pain symptoms were reported by significantly fewer women without deep infiltrating lesions (63%, 16% and 9%, respectively) a
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