Fibromyalgia Patients Who Undergo Spinal Fusion Surgery Have More Postoperative Complications, Study Suggests

Fibromyalgia Patients Who Undergo Spinal Fusion Surgery Have More Postoperative Complications, Study Suggests
Patients with fibromyalgia who undergo spinal fusion surgery are more likely to experience complications such as postoperative bleeding and pneumonia, along with higher costs of care and higher readmission rates, according to researchers. Their study, "Fibromyalgia as a Predictor of Increased Post-Operative Complications, Readmission Rates and Hospital Costs in Patients Undergoing Posterior Lumbar Spine Fusion," was published in the journal Spine. Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition characterized by an impairment in central pain processing that likely develops due to a number of factors. Patients with fibromyalgia are at increased risk for developing degenerative disc diseases (DDD) due to higher levels of joint hypermobility (where joints easily move beyond the normal expected range), leading to tearing of muscle fibers in the spinal disc spaces. Other factors, such as high rates of osteoporosis (bone loss), low vitamin D levels (which help maintain bone balance), and a more sedentary lifestyle, can also contribute to fibromyalgia patients having an increased risk of developing DDD. Patients with fibromyalgia may eventually need a spinal fusion, a surgical procedure used to correct problems in the small bones in the spine — essentially a welding process. Fibromyalgia patients are known to have more complications associated with surgeries compared to the general population. But there are currently no stu
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