Psychological Distress Can Be Intensely Felt in Fibromyalgia Patients, Especially Those with Paresthesia, Study Suggests

Psychological Distress Can Be Intensely Felt in Fibromyalgia Patients, Especially Those with Paresthesia, Study Suggests
Fibromyalgia patients, particularly those with paresthesia (unusual skin sensations), are likely to experience psychological distress more intensely than people without this disease, and have personality traits that favor harm avoidance while showing a tendency to being less adaptable to given situations, researchers report. The study, “Paresthesia frequency in fibromyalgia and its effects on personality traits,” was published in International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases. Paresthesia – tingling, tickling, pricking, numbness or burning sensations on a person's skin with no apparent physical cause – can be common in patients with fibromyalgia. But how common varies widely: prior studies report that paresthesia can be present in 26% to 84% of fibromyalgia cases. Personality, defined largely as temperament and character, also varies considerably among any group of people, although certain traits tend to stand out within groups. Temperament refers to spontaneous emotional expressions and responses that are thought to be somewhat heritable, while character is also heritable but responsive to social adaptation and maturation. Several studies have investigated personality traits among fibromyalgia patients, but not the relationship between paresthesia and such traits — both of which, has noted, are highly variable. Researchers recruited 101 women with fibromyalgia, and grouped them according to whether they did or did not have paresthesia. A healthy control group was also recruited. Participants were evaluated using a test called Temperament and Character Inventory. Here, temperament is di
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