Group Problem-Solving Therapy May Help Ease Symptoms of Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests

Group Problem-Solving Therapy May Help Ease Symptoms of Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests
Group-based therapy targeting thoughts and emotions could be an effective strategy to improve fibromyalgia knowledge and ease the burden of patients, according to a nursing study. The report, "Problems and Solutions for Patients with Fibromyalgia: Building New Helping Relationships," was published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing. A team of nursing professors at Rovira i Virgili University in Tortosa, Spain, aimed to solve the main biological, psychological, and sociological problems experienced by fibromyalgia patients using a method called Group Problem-Solving Therapy (GPST) . “GPST is a technique for identifying and solving problems, increasing assertiveness [and] self-esteem, and eliminating negative thoughts,” the researchers wrote. Forty-three women and one man who were diagnosed with fibromyalgia from six GPST sessions were included in the study. A total of 24 sessions were audio recorded and analyzed. GPST consisted of four two-hour sessions. The first three sessions took place once a week, and the final session was held a month after the third session. In the first session, participants were asked to identify the main problems they dealt with due to the disease at the physical, psychological, and social levels. During the second session, the strategy was to find at least 10 possible solutions to the previously identified problems. The solutions could be pointed out by anyone in the group or leading the sessions. The best way to put the solutions to work was drafted
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