Fibromyalgia Troubles Women with Past of Sexual Trauma in US Military and Abuse in Childhood, Small VA Study Finds

Fibromyalgia Troubles Women with Past of Sexual Trauma in US Military and Abuse in Childhood, Small VA Study Finds
Sexual trauma while serving in the U.S. military is high among female veterans with fibromyalgia, as is childhood trauma, and screening for such abuse may improve their care, a pilot study by VA Boston Healthcare System suggests. Military sexual trauma includes harassment, the study noted, with almost 91% of participating veterans reporting such abuse and some 68% saying it included sexual assault. Researchers suggest these findings support trauma therapy being part of fibromyalgia symptom management for female veterans, and the importance of applying a more holistic approach in managing this condition. The study, ”Experience of Childhood Abuse and Military Sexual Trauma Among Women Veterans with Fibromyalgia,” was published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. Fibromyalgia, which mainly affects women, is already known to be linked with personal trauma, particularly childhood abuse. Trauma of this sort can lead to lasting physiologic adaptations that promote chronic pain. The disease is also more common among women who served in the U.S. military than among those in the general population, the study said, with many female veterans reporting both chronic pain and trauma during and prior to military service. An earlier study found that women who were veterans of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and under Veterans Health Administration (VA) care had a 4.2% prevalence of fibromyalgia, compared to 3.4% of women across the U.S.   Recognizing a possible link between childhood abuse, sexual trauma and fibromyalgia, researchers at the VA Boston Healthcare System examined 22 women with fibromyalgia (mean age, 51.3) referred to VA for care. Using specific questionnaires, they evaluated them for degrees of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD
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