Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Mindfulness Meditation Can Benefit Fibromyalgia Patients, Study Suggests

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Mindfulness Meditation Can Benefit Fibromyalgia Patients, Study Suggests
Researchers report that non-pharmacological treatment strategies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness meditation, can be useful for treating patients with fibromyalgia. The review study, titled "Evidence-Based Non-Pharmacological Therapies for Fibromyalgia," was published in the journal Current Pain and Headache Reports. When physicians conduct a functional assessment of patients with fibromyalgia, they should look at the psychological, neurocognitive, and physical impairment domains. Acceptable types of treatment for fibromyalgia patients include an array of therapies ranging from pharmacological medications to mindfulness meditation, cognitive behavioral therapy, acupuncture and others. Fibromyalgia is also associated with comorbidities such as mood disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, and obesity, all of which need to be addressed by the physician as part of treatment. Researchers suggest that an ideal treatment approach should start with the education of the patient regarding the disease and treatment options, followed by a combination of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments. To determine the prevailing opinions on this topic, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston and Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans conducted a literature review. Their focus was on the usefulness of cognitive behavioral and various complementary medical therapies in the treatment of fibromyalgia.
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