New Juvenile Fibromyalgia Program May Help Improve Movement in Teens

New Juvenile Fibromyalgia Program May Help Improve Movement in Teens
A pilot study from DePaul University researchers suggests that a program combining well-established techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and specialized neuromuscular exercises can improve movement confidence and engagement in physical exercise in adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM). JFM occurs in 2 to 6 percent of children, primarily in adolescent girls, and is characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain associated with significant physical and emotional impairment. Physical exercise is strongly recommended for the management of musculoskeletal pain in JFM patients, but traditional exercise programs such as aerobic or resistance training often include difficult or uncomfortable exercises that patients fear will worsen pain. Indeed, juvenile fibromyalgia adolescents have poor biomechanics that may increase the risk of injury during certain exercises which, combined with the fear of pain, often lead to a lack of confidence in one’s ability and sedentarism, reinforcing disability and pain. Susan T. Tran, PhD, and her colleagues published their preliminary results in a study titled "A pilot study of biomechanical assessment before and after an integrative training program for adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia" in the journal Pediatric Rheumatology. “The results showed that mechanics of walking gait and functional performance appeared to improve after treatment. (...) hip abduction strength and dynamic postural control also demonstrated improvements,” the authors wrote in their report. The program – dubbed Fibromyalgia Integrative Training for Teens (FIT Teens) – f
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