Fibromyalgia Symptoms Can Snowball, Reduce Quality of Life for Patients, Study Reports

Fibromyalgia Symptoms Can Snowball, Reduce Quality of Life for Patients, Study Reports
Fibromyalgia symptoms can snowball and negatively affect the quality of life of people with the condition, a study reports. The study, “Depression and trait-anxiety mediate the influence of clinical pain on health-related quality of life in fibromyalgia,” was published in the Journal of Affective Disorders. People with fibromyalgia who experience depression, anxiety, insomnia, fatigue, and pain are at increased risk for lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL), which is defined as their own perception of their health and the level at which they are able to carry out their normal daily activities. Previous studies have suggested severe chronic pain and difficulties in its management are the main reasons for the low HRQoL levels in patients with fibromyalgia. In addition, mental health issues such as depression and anxiety, which are also common in fibromyalgia, are thought to negatively impact the overall HRQoL of these patients. Now, researchers at the University of Jaén in Spain in collaboration with colleagues at the University for Health Sciences in Austria set out to investigate the relationship between HRQoL and the levels of pain, insomnia, fatigue, depression, and anxiety in people with fibromyalgia. Additionally, the investigators studied how standard medications for depression, anxiety, and pain affected HRQoL for these patients. The study enrolled 145 women with fibromyalgia and 94 healthy women of approximately the same age, years of education, and body mass index. Study participants were asked to complete the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), an eight-domain questionnaire commonly used to assess HRQoL, as well as other questionnaires to evaluate pain intensity, symptoms of depression, anxiety, fatigue, and insomnia. The
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