Young Adults with Fibromyalgia and History of Trauma Show More Psychological Problems, Study Finds

Young Adults with Fibromyalgia and History of Trauma Show More Psychological Problems, Study Finds
Young adults with juvenile-onset fibromyalgia (JFM) who have a history of trauma have higher rates of psychological disturbances, according to a study titled “Clinical profiles of young adults with juvenile-onset fibromyalgia with and without a history of trauma.” The study compared JFM patients with and without a history of trauma over eight years, and the results were published in the journal Arthritis Care & Research. Fibromyalgia patients often report traumatic situations — physical or sexual abuse, neglect, parental divorce, financial hardship — when questioned about their past. Studies have suggested that a traumatic history could enhance pain in these patients. A history of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) appears to be more common in youth with JFM than in healthy young adults. But its impact on the disease outcome of young adult patients had not been previously addressed. In this study, teens between the ages of 13 and 18 were questioned at four different time points about physical and psychological symptoms over eight years. At the end of the study, there were 110 participants (86 with JFM and 24 healthy individuals) with a mean age of 23. To assess history of trauma, participants were asked if they experienced injury, accidents, physical or sexual abuse as a child and/or as an adult, or witnessed violence. They were also asked to score pain intensity according to an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS), which ranges from 0 (no pain) to 10 (pain as bad as you can imagine). Participants’ symptoms of fibromyalgia were examin
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